Types of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a skin disease. It is sometimes painful, itching and irritating. In severe cases, the pain is burning and stinging.
Psoriatic rashes are sometimes mistaken for eczema rashes. How can you distinguish a psoriatic rash from an eczema rash?
Psoriatic rashes form red patches, intermittently covered with silvery-white scales. The complexion of eczema rashes is lighter than the surrounding skin.
Psoriatic patches are slightly raised above the surrounding skin. Eczema rashes are just as flat as the rest of the skin.
Psoriatic patches exist within well demarcated borders. Eczema rashes do not have any clear-cut edges. They tend to be more spread out.
There are five types of psoriatic infections: plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular and erythrodermic.
Plaque (vulgaris) Psoriasis
Psoriatic plaques are the most common. 80 to 90% of psoriatic patients are affected by this variant of psoriasis. Psoriatic plaques are red patches of skin, covered with silvery-white scales.
Psoriatic plaques can occur on any part of the body. They might also cover the entire body, in severe cases. Localized psoriatic plaques often appear on the knees, elbows, scalp, face, mouth, genitals, toenails, fingernails and trunk.
Researchers have advance two competing hypothesis to explain the cause of psoriatic plaques.
The first hypothesis posits that, psoriatic plaques originate from a malfunction of the epidermis and its keratinocytes.
The second hypothesis posits that, psoriatic plaques originate from a malfunction of the immune system. This immune-mediated hypothesis is overwhelmingly favoured by the medical community.
Both hypotheses seek to explain the over production of skin cells.
In normal health, new skin cells are produced approximately once every four weeks. During a psoriatic flare, new skins cells are over produced, daily.
In normal health, the immune system fights off pathogens and any intruders. The immune system uses white blood cells to fight off pathogens. Leucocytes and T cells are types of white blood cells.
When the immune system malfunctions, it mistakes healthy skin cells for pathogens. As a result, the immune system activates T cells which attack and kill healthy cells. Dead cells accumulate on the epidermis and form the plaques, that invariably itch and irritate.
Guttate (eruptive) Psoriasis
Psoriatic guttate appear on the skin as small, red, raindrop-like papules. They are more frequent in children and adults younger than 30.
Guttate flakes are more likely to occur over the upper trunk and proximal extremities. They might also occur on other body parts such as the legs, arms, torso, eyelids, back, bottom, neck and bikini-line.
Most of the time, guttate eruptions are triggered by bacterial infections. In children, they often occur after a strep throat or respiratory tract infection. The guttate eruption might even occur, weeks after, the strep throat or respiratory infection has cleared off.
Treatment of Psoriasis
You have five available treatment techniques in managing psoriatic symptoms: biologics, systemic agents, alternative medicine, phototherapy and topical agents. Your doctor chooses the right treatment technique, based on the severity of your symptoms.
Severity is measured using PASI (psoriasis area severity index). The PASI scale ranges from 0 to 72. 0 on the PASI scale means that; you are not infected. An index of 72 means that; you have the maximal severity possible.
The parameters factored into the PASI scale include: the proportion of body surface affected, response to previous therapies, the impact of the infection on your lifestyle and intensity of the infection (thickness, scaling, plaque redness).
Biologics and systemic agents are prescription medication (drugs, pills, liquids) that can be taken orally or injected. They are mostly used to treat severe cases.
Phototherapy involves exposing the infected area to ultraviolet radiations. Ultraviolet light can be generated from synthetic lamps. Sunlight also radiates ultraviolet light A (UVA) and ultraviolet light B (UVB). When using sunlight, be careful to avoid sunburns.
Phototherapy is used to treat moderate cases.
Mild and moderate cases are treated with dermasis cream. Dermasis is an ultra potent topical agent. It contains the ultimate active agent: salicylic acid.
The all-natural dermasis formula guarantees you a soothing and long term recovery from psoriasis. Order the clinically acclaimed dermasis system now and gain rapid relief from the itching and irritation of psoriasis.